beginningless cycle of repeated birth
" Dukkha "
refers to the 'suffering' or 'unsatisfactoriness' of life. A person might temporarily fulfill their desires but suffering – whether physical, emotional or mental – cannot be avoided.
is a word meaning the result of a person's actions as well as the actions themselves. It is a term about the cycle of cause and effect. According to the theory of Karma, what happens to a person, happens because they caused it with their actions. ... Karma is not about punishment or reward.
" Gati "
passing on to another existence; destiny;
is individual consciousness - the ego identified self that limits itself to the mortal frame.
" Avidya "
not know, not perceive, not understand.
Used in ancient Indian texts, as "spiritual ignorance".